MEXICAN CULTURE. The traits of Mexican culture are the reflection of the different influences received throughout their history.
In this way, impregnated by aspects of the ancient pre-Hispanic civilizations and the Spanish conquest, this rich culture was formed.
Nevertheless, Mexican society has always strived to create an identity linked to its traditions.
Mexico is located to the extreme south of North America, between the waters of the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
Being the eleventh country with the largest population and the fourteenth largest in the world, it has a great diversity of climates.
Among the cities of interest are.
The Great historical heritage that these localities keep make Mexico the eighth country of the globe in tourist importance.
Also, Mexican culture has been highlighted by having personalities recognized worldwide as.
Frida Kahlo, Carlos Santana, Guillermo del Toro, Octavio Paz, Mario Moreno “Cantinflas”, Salma Hayeck, Hugo Sanchez, Rodolfo Neri Vela, among others.
History of Mexican culture.
The Historical framework of Mexican culture encompasses the development and decline of great civilizations;
And The merger of two peoples, some international wars and a revolution that wanted to change the political landscape.
The first villages in Mexico date back more than 3,000 years, with their expansion constituting the Mesoamerican territory;
In this environment, cultures such as the Olmec, Zapotec, Teotihuacana, Maya, Toltec, Mixteca, and finally the Aztecs progressed.
During The 16TH century, the flourishing boom of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan coincided with the arrival of Spanish conquistadors.
On the ruins of what was the great city of the Aztec Empire was founded the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
In this regard, during the colonial period, the process of crossbreeding and syncretism between the indigenous and European religion occurred.
With the French occupation With Spain in 1808, some tensions were detonated in the colonies;
Giving rise to the Mexicans initiating a fight for their independence, which they achieved in 1821.
Then the flag was modified, where the eagle predominates over the cactus hunting a snake. Mexican Symbol of Aztec legend.
Between 1821 and 1829, the Mexicans faced both the Spaniards who wanted a reconquest;
As the French who demanded the payment of a debt.
For 1846, the country loses a large part of its territory due to a conflict as a result of the territorial pretensions of the United States.
Starting in the TWENTIETH century, a revolution led by Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata was unleashed;
Stage of political instability that reached its end in 1917 with the proclamation of the Constitution of Mexico in force.
Mexican attire is blended with colonial and indigenous traditions that have been passed down through the centuries.
Standing out for its comfort, embroideries, vivid colors, use of fabrics such as cotton, wool or silk and a plurality of styles.
Political Organization of the Mexican culture.
Politically, the Mexican society possesses a democratic, federal and secular system where the Executive Power is in charge of the President.
THE Federal government is formed by three independent powers: executive, legislative and judicial.
The Republic has a territorial division composed of 31 sovereign states and a Capital District, which is Mexico City.
Under A multi-party democracy, Mexican political life has political organizations as the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI);
Democratic Revolution Party.
National Action Party.
According to the Constitution, sovereignty resides in the people, who have guaranteed personal and civil liberties.
The Mexican Culture Society.
Much of the Mexican society is very traditional, especially they give a lot of importance to the family environment;
Usually personal relationships with family and friends have priority over other things.
The Mexican shows great respect for those people who have a high social position, and prefer the paternalistic government leadership.
Within The social scheme is evidence of machismo, as soon as men have a higher rank than women.
Other features such as their joy, solidarity in difficult times, a high religious sense and social individualism Stand Out.
The social organization of Mexican culture, is hierarchized in terms of purchasing power in upper, middle and low class.
Although Mexico has not had a strong immigration movement;
It has primarily the presence of communities like Americans, Guatemalans and Spaniards.
Rather, it highlights the Mexican migratory movement, basically to the United States, driven by a labor phenomenon.
Economy of Mexican culture.
Considered as a developing country, Mexico is recognized as the eleventh world economy.
The three pillars of the Mexican economy are the oil industry, remittances sent by emigrants and tourism.
The oil activity is controlled by the third hydrocarbon-producing company in the world, the Pemex state.
As for the remittances, it represents the money sent by the Mexicans who live abroad to their relatives.
With great attractions such as beaches, mountains and historic sites, tourism is one of its economic strengths.
In Addition, activities such as the automotive industry stand out;
The Assembly of electronic products, medical devices and autoparts.
Only five states represent half of the country’s income: Mexico City, Mexico State, Nuevo León, Jalisco and Veracruz.
They have free trade agreements with more than 45 countries and reciprocal investment protection arrangements with 33 countries.
Some problems of the Mexican economy are levels of insecurity in certain entities and government corruption.
Annually an average of 15 Mexican businessmen appear on the list of the richest people on the planet according to Forbes.
Religion of Mexican culture.
If something determines the Mexican culture, it is its undeniable devotion, being the second country with the largest number of Catholics.
However, there is a fusion of the elements of the old pre-Hispanic beliefs with Catholicism, for example.
Passion of Christ of Iztapalapa, is a popular representation of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, which is attended annually by two million people.
Guelaguetza of Oaxaca, symbolizes a commemoration to the Virgin of Carmen that encompasses regional traditions.
Rite of the Flyers, consists of a series of aerial acrobatic dances in homage to the gods and the fertility.
Other popular rites are Also held that are not Catholic, such as the Holy Death and the Day of the Dead.
But The main focus of veneration of the Mexican culture is worship to its patron Our Lady of Guadalupe;
A virgin who holds a story since her first appearance on December 12th, 1531 on Cerro Tepeyac.
For The Mexican Society This date represents a day of jubilation, where millions of faithful come to the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe, to thank or ask for miracles from their patron.
In the Mexican territory, fourteen states have a population with more than 90% of Catholic followers.
Contrary to the federal entities near the border with Guatemala, where the number of faithful Catholics falls drastically.
The Mexican religious context is quite broad because of the freedom of worship as a Constitutional standard.
Thus, some Christian currents are practiced such as Pentecostalism, Anglicanism;
Lutheranism, Presbyterianism, Anabaptism, Baptism, Methodism, evangelism.
Other religions professed by immigrant communities are Judaism, Islamism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Hare Krishna.
Manifestations of Mexican culture.
Expressions of Mexican culture form a variety of elements that have been conjugated over time;
To result in one of the world’s most recognized cultures.
From The Mesoamerican architectural works to the contemporary enhance under the Aztec sky, they are found.
Palace of Fine Arts.
Latin American Tower.
Thr music of Mexican culture.
Music is a fundamental component of Mexican culture, there being a plurality of musical styles like.
a genre that deeply exalts Mexican values, characterized by its singers wearing charro and hat.
a musical style originating in the Purépecha tribe, consists of songs with messages of family reconciliation.
one of the most characteristic patriotic symbols of this culture.
There is Currently a wide variety of music genres ranging from those previously named to the northern and pop-rock.
For Mexicans it is very important To commemorate historical dates, and one of them is Cinco de Mayo.
In this sense, that day they celebrate on the streets the first time they faced and defeated a foreign army.
The varied Mexican cuisine has spread around the world, with basic elements such as beans, maize and mole.
According to this they converge a number of famous dishes such as tamales, omelettes, appetizers, tacos, enchiladas, Aztec soup.
Although There is a great gastronomic diversity, one can not fail to name the tequila, a drink from Jalisco.
The Culinary Art of Mexican culture is shown in annual events such as the Chile Festival and the National Mole Fair.
With regard to the production of soap operas, the television channels Televisa and TV Azteca have managed to monopolize the Latin market.