CULTURE LIMA. Defined by its architectural and ceramic art, the Lima culture was developed on the Central coast of Peru, precisely in the territorial area where today the capital of this nation operates.
InHabiting basically the river valleys of Chillan, Rímac and Lurín, between the years 100 and 650 A.D.
What confirms its contemporaneousness with the cultures Moche, Nazca, Recuay and Huarpa.
Aspects of the Lima culture.
The Lima Culture was organized in territorial communities composed of large family nuclei.
which were governed by a centralized theocratic elite in a shire.
As a result, power was in charge of administering the work of the coastal administrative centres.
He Even directed the artistic manifestations such as architecture, ceramics and textiles, among others.
This explains the constructions of imposing ceremonial centers, whose realization had to require a strong work for years.
Despite the harsh climate of the coast, Lima culture took advantage of its location to provide marine food supplies.
He Also learned to manage the conditions of nature with the construction of various hydraulic works, displaying an agriculture based on the sowing of maize, pumpkin, bean and Cherimoya.
This produced a self-sufficiency that supported the basis for expanding its dominance over other territories.
However, around the year 600 A.D., numerous climatic changes and the invasion of nearby populations produced their decline.
Although the religion that professed Lima culture is little known, it did not differ much from the rest of the Andean civilizations.
In this regard, nature played an important role in its magical-religious beliefs, giving them divine gifts to mountains, seas, lands, etc.
In the same order of ideas, human sacrifices were made to lessen the fury of the gods that manifested themselves with natural phenomena, but also, to obtain a heavenly favor like winning a battle.
Architecture of the Lima culture.
It Is Worth mentioning that the hydraulic works began the urban independence and the settlements population, ceremonial, administrative of the culture Lima.
This effort of the ancient Lima to build large channels to channel the channel of the three rivers that surrounded them;
Not only did it generate a prosperous economy, but it kept these flood centers away.
Characterized by the construction of pyramids and temples with religious and administrative functions;
The Lima culture was divided in two stages, for it the historians took into account the ceramic development:
It Is notable for the building of great pyramids that had around complementary constructions, example of this are the temples of Cerro Culebra and Cerro Trinidad.
They have amazing mural paintings, 65 meters long, with depictions of fish and intertwined serpents.
Constituting the second stage, the first buildings of public character were erected, built with Adobitos and pressed mud.
The high-altitude pyramids had squares in the upper areas, joined by roads and protected by walls.
Highlighting the Huacas San Marcos, Concha, Middendorf, Tres Pasos, San Miguel, Cruz Blanca, La Cruz and La Palma.
Another Major center of the Lima Culture, was the citadel of Cajamarquilla, with approximately 167 hectares of land.
It Is traced as one of the largest pre-Columbian cities, where eleven pyramids and housing or religious enclosures were built.
It Also distinguishes the Huaca de Pachamac, a great sacred place that contains the temples of the Sun, Mamaconas, Old, Painted.
The Ceramics of the Lima culture.
Ceramic art has been the element used by researchers to rebuild the evolution of Lima culture.
According to this, in the first stage known as Playa Grande;
the main decorative theme was the figure of fish and snakes linked together with geometric shapes, lines and point;
With a strong tendency to use the colors black, white and red on an orange background.
They Also varied from their fine and pleasing forms to others with thick or coarse appearance.
Being the dominant spherical shape in vessels and vessels, although others were also found with different qualities.
Besides, during the second period called Maranga, the ceramic Art of the Lima was developed using molding techniques.
One of the functions that fulfilled ceramics in Lima culture was domestic, referring to simple tableware made with brown and shaped pasta.