CULTURE MOCHICA »The legacy I populate preincaico

CULTURE MOCHICA »The legacy I populate preincaico

 

CULTURE MOCHICA. On the Peruvian north coast, between the Pacific Ocean and the mountain range of The Andes, the culture Mochica developed;
specially in the vale of Moche, which at present is the city of Trujillo, the capital of the department La Libertad.

This pre-Inca civilization also known as The Moches, he stood out for its tendencies in the artistic declarations, stopping if a fantastic archaeological heredity.

She was a society with an industrious and creative character, belonging historically to the so called period the main craftsmen.

It lasted between 100 and 700 A.D. Its language the muchik, was adopted as later civilizations up to the arrival of the Spanish to the Peruvian soil.

At the end of the years 700 it eliminates the culture Mochica, due to natural phenomena and the invasion of the empire Huari.

Social and political organization of the culture Mochica.

Characterized for having a political organization based on the theocracy, the territory of The Moches was splitting into two regions.

North Mochica.

located in the vales of Lambayeque and Jequetepeque.

South Mochica.

placed in the plains of Moche and Chicama, they were representing the center of this culture.

Although a governor was possessing every region, ties existed between both.

Absolutely the whole political administration, culture and religion were tied to the power, giving to the governor a priestly power.

Thus the function of the ceremonial centers in the culture Mochica they were administrative, religious and governmental.

The Moches were a warlike people started to the conquest of new territories.

that they were joining across a ways system with step sales taxes.

As in other civilizations, this culture was based on a society stratified by classes, in accordance with the following thing.

Cie-quich.

it was possessing the authority on all the aspects of the people.
Its magic powers were given by its descent with the deities.

Alaec or coriec.

they were kings subordinated to the power of the cie-quich.

Priests.

they were subordinated to the cie-quich, and were taking charge of the rites and religious ceremonies.

Commanders.

formed by the warlike caste, which also had religious functions.

People.

they were consisting of the craftsmen, peasants, fishermen and merchants.

Yanas.

they were doing works of serving to all the previous strata.

Other of the features where this culture was showing its marked social stratification was in the quality and quantity of gifts that were possessing the graves.

Religion of the culture Mochica.

The religion of the culture Mochica was polytheistic, since they believed in the existence of several gods, and pantheist.

They were adoring the same way the elements of the nature.

The main god was an Aia-Paec or the maker considered the provider of the water, food and military victories.

Aia-pec was the deity most afraid by its talent punishers, a man was personifying with face and canine teeth of feline.

Other deities were If that it was representing to the moon, Not to the sea and Fur to the death.

The human sacrifices, they were constituting the most important religious ritual related to the agricultural fertility.

Economy of the culture Mochica.

The economic aspect of The Moches was based on the mastery of agricultural skills like the channels construction for the irrigation.

To resist the arid soils they used like fertilizer the excrement of some birds, this way they cultivated corn, pope, bean, etc.

They used crafts called small horses of totora for the fishing, designed to take only one fisherman with its tackles.

And They developed the cattle and the commerce of exchange with nearby villages.

Artistic declarations of the culture Mochica.

Indisputably the most excellent artistic declaration of the culture Mochica was the ceramics;

both for the creativity and for the esthetic sense.

In them they represented its cultural and religious context, in a very realistic and descriptive way;

it was changing between human beings, animals and plants, it Huaco Retratos represents sample of it;

reaching an unbeatable perfection between the civilizations of the epoch.
Something impressive in these ceramics is that the human faces were revealing a feeling as happiness, pain, satisfaction, scorn.

Identical only with colors it cremates and red, they reflected.

Religious scenes.
the everyday life.
deities, wars.
eroticism.
funerals.
human sacrifices.

The ceramics generally were placing like gifts the dead persons.

As for the architecture of the culture Mochica they emphasize two pyramidal constructions.

Indian tomb of the Sun.mochica culture

a big building that measures 43 meters high, composed by five superimposed patios, where political activities were realized.

Indian tomb of the Moon.

To 500 meters of the previous one, with a 21 meters height, in its top platform it possesses some rooms with murals of human figures.

Its function was religious, where the sacred sacrifices were realized.

Between the opposing archaeological finds, the most significant of the culture Mochica.es the grave of The Master of Sipan.

It is a question of the only grave of a Peruvian pre-Columbian governor found until now.

Also they stood out in other areas com.

The sculpture.
murals painting.
the textilería.
the metallurgy where there worked the gold, the silver and the copper.

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